From Words to Action! Nationality Policy in Soviet Abkhazia, 1921-38

Blauvelt, Timothy (2014) From Words to Action! Nationality Policy in Soviet Abkhazia, 1921-38. In: The Making of Modern Georgia, 1918-2012. Routledge Contemporary Russia and Eastern Europe Series . Routledge, 2014, pp. 233-262. ISBN 0415592380

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Abstract

Drawing on local archival and other primary sources, this paper is a case study of the implementation of Soviet nationality policy in Abkhazia from the establishment of Soviet power in 1921 until the destruction of the ethnic Abkhazian leadership and the effective seizure of control by the central Georgian leadership in 1936 – 38. It will examine the implementation of Soviet nationality policy in Abkhazia in relation to other “Eastern” national territories of the USSR, the ways in which local elites made use of these policies, and the opportunities that they presented for indigenous populations. The reversal of the conciliatory nationality policy towards the Abkhazians after 1936 provides an opportunity to address the recent literature about the ultimate fate of korenizatsiia by the late 1930s, whether such reversals were a “retreat” from the conciliatory approach, or rather a continuation of a longer-term policy of “state-sponsored evolutionism” aimed at incorporating smaller nationalities into larger ones with the ultimate goal of fusing them into a single communist whole.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: J Political Science > JJ Caucasian Studies
D History General and Old World > DK Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics
D History General and Old World > DM Georgian - Abkhaz Relations
D History General and Old World > DI Georgian History
J Political Science > JT Political Science (Soviet Studies)
Divisions: Institutes > Institute for Modernity Studies
Depositing User: Dr. Timothy Blauvelt
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2016 11:56
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2016 11:56
URI: http://eprints.iliauni.edu.ge/id/eprint/4581

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