In Vivo Inhibition of miR-155 Promotes Recovery after Experimental Mouse Stroke.

Caballero-Garrido , E and Pena-Philippides , JC and Lordkipanidze, Tamar and Bragin D, D and Yang Y, Y and Erhardt , EB and Roitbak T, T (2015) In Vivo Inhibition of miR-155 Promotes Recovery after Experimental Mouse Stroke. J Neurosci, 35(36) (36). pp. 12446-64. ISSN 1641-15.2015

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Abstract

A multifunctional microRNA, miR-155, has been recently recognized as an important modulator of numerous biological processes. In our previous in vitro studies, miR-155 was identified as a potential regulator of the endothelial morphogenesis. The present study demonstrates that in vivo inhibition of miR-155 supports cerebral vasculature after experimental stroke. Intravenous injections of a specific miR-155 inhibitor were initiated at 48 h after mouse distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (dMCAO). Microvasculature in peri-infarct area, infarct size, and animal functional recovery were assessed at 1, 2, and 3 weeks after dMCAO. Using in vivo two-photon microscopy, we detected improved blood flow and microvascular integrity in the peri-infarct area of miR-155 inhibitor-injected mice. Electron microscopy revealed that, in contrast to the control group, these animals demonstrated well preserved capillary tight junctions (TJs). Western blot analysis data indicate that improved TJ integrity in the inhibitor-injected animals could be associated with stabilization of the TJ protein ZO-1 and mediated by the miR-155 target protein Rheb. MRI analysis showed significant (34%) reduction of infarct size in miR-155 inhibitor-injected animals at 21 d after dMCAO. Reduced brain injury was confirmed by electron microscopy demonstrating decreased neuronal damage in the peri-infarct area of stroke. Preservation of brain tissue was reflected in efficient functional recovery of inhibitor-injected animals. Based on our findings, we propose that in vivo miR-155 inhibition after ischemia supports brain microvasculature, reduces brain tissue damage, and improves the animal functional recovery.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QF Neurobiology
Q Science > QI Neuroscience
Divisions: Institutes > Institute of Chemical Biology
Depositing User: Professor Tamar Lordkipanidze
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2015 05:46
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2015 05:46
URI: http://eprints.iliauni.edu.ge/id/eprint/3607

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