ზემო იმერეთის მღვიმეები და ზედა პალეოლითელ ადამიანთა სამეურნეო საქმიანობა

თუშაბრამიშვილი, ნიკოლოზ ზემო იმერეთის მღვიმეები და ზედა პალეოლითელ ადამიანთა სამეურნეო საქმიანობა. საქართველოს ერoვნული მუზეუმის მოამბე, I (46B). С. 23-41. ISSN ISSN 1512-1895

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ზემო იმერეთის მღვიმეები და ზედა პალეოლითელ ადამიანთა სამეურნეო საქმიანობა.pdf

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რეზიუმე

Our ongoing research in the caves of Western Georgia focuses on the settlement and subsistence behaviors of Neanderthals and Modern Humans. Specifically we are interested in understanding what Neanderthals and Modern Humans ate, how they acquired their foods, what kind of tools they made, how they moved around the landscape, and what their social relations were like. We are also interested in learning the nature of any contacts between these two culturally and biolologically different populations during the critical period about 40000 years ago when Modern humans entered the Southern Caucasus and local Neanderthal population began to disappear. In this article we deal with three Upper Paleolithic cave sites which are located in Upper Imereti region just in few km from each other (4-8 km). These are well-known sites - Ortvala Klde, Dzudzuana Cave and newly found Bondi Cave. 34 The landscape where these caves are situated are the similar. All of them are located in parreallel gorges. The distance between the gorges is 4-8 km. According to pollen analysis and obtained datings the environment around these caves was the simillar. The inhabitants of Dzudzuana and Bondi caves were hunting mostly on bisons and equses. In the same time the Neandrthals and the Modern humans of Ortvala Klde traditionally were extracting the Capra caucasuica(95%). The industry of Bondi and Dzudzuana cave are more or less simmilar but there are differences-the microliths are dominated in the material of Dzudzuana. The blade and bladelet oriented technology are represented in both sites. The blade technology is represented in Ortvala Klde as well, but there are some orignacian features which are better represented in this cave than in other above mentioned sites. Co-exsistance of orignacian and gravettian features is one of the charachters of Upper Paleolithic of Western Georgia. In Bondi and Dzudzuana caves there were discovered the most ancient flax and coloured fibers dated from 35000-34000. Perhaps the differences between those contemprorary sites can be explained by different economical activities of different groups, or by distribution of the habitat areas between them.

ობიექტის ტიპი: სტატია
თემატიკა: D History General and Old World > DK Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics
ქვეგანყოფილება: Faculties/Schools > School of Natural Sciences and Engineering
განმათავსებელი მომხმარებელი: Prof. Dr. Nikoloz Tushabramishvili
განთავსების თარიღი: 20 ივნისი 2014 07:53
ბოლო ცვლილება: 20 ივნისი 2014 07:53
URI: http://eprints.iliauni.edu.ge/id/eprint/1503

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