მულტილინგვალური განათლება და ენის სწავლების მეთოდთა უნიფიკაცია

მაღლაკელიძე, ნათელა (2009) მულტილინგვალური განათლება და ენის სწავლების მეთოდთა უნიფიკაცია. In: მულტილინგვალური განათლება, საქართველოს უნივერსიტეტის პირველი საერთაშორისო კონფერენცია, 2009 წლის 15-17 სექტემბერი, თბილისი.

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Abstract

Multilingual School and Language Teaching Approach The 20s of the previous century for Georgian school were the era of great novelty. This was the period when Soviet school hadn’t been formated yet, but it was vividly seen the experiment to create the first system of multilingual education. This is the period of fascination and overstated with foreign methods. This was the only reason why in the process of language teaching wasn’t taken into consideration the specificity of these languages and the difference of the English language itself and was being established the American method in teaching writing and reading. We were failed to find out the specific state resolution about the usage of this method, though it was probably existed, as far as it was clear that this method was being adored and popularized and was used not only in Georgia, but in all the post soviet republics. In a word it was in the soviet epoch, the flourishing of this method. This method was used not only teaching the foreign languages (English, German, French…..), but in the teaching process of native languages as well (Russian, Georgian, Armenian, Kyrgystanyan…..). How much was consented and justified the unification of American method in the teaching process of all languages? All the methods in the history of teaching writing and reading are united in three groups. They are the following: a)analytical, b) synthetical, c) analytica-synthetical. “American” method is being belonged to the analytical methods. This method despite to its title was originated in France. According to this method in the process of teaching writing and reading the main analytical unit isn’t the letter but the whole word itself. That’s why this method is used in the teaching of those languages where the pronunciation and writing don’t coincide. In order to study the writing in these languages a school student has to learn the whole graphical unit (a word), a student has to study using visual aids and other skills and abilities: listening, pronunciation and writing. Without studying by heart a child can’t write the combination of letters which has got the quite difficult verbal sight. This was the reason why this method was so widely spread in Europe and America. This is the principle why English, French, German, Greek, Turkish, Spanish…. textbooks are constructed. Georgian language as it is known is mainly a phonetically alphabetical language. Here we have got the same number of sounds and letters. We’ve got the coincidence in writing and the oral , the word is written as it is pronounced. That’s why while writing his “Deda Ena” (“Mother Tongue”) Iakob Gogebasvili used analytica-synthetical method while teaching writing and reading as this method totally corresponds to the specificity of Georgian language as phonetically written language. That’s the reason why this method was inculcated in the teaching process of Georgian writing and reading (In those days this method had the provocative name “American”) and was established in Georgian schools under the scientifically discussed and researched. Several textbooks were created based on this methods in the 20s. They are the following: 1.1926, V. Dzidziguri and A.Gvakharia-“The First Book”; 2.1927, N.Botsvadze and E.Burjanadze-“The new book”; 3.1928 T.Zaalishvili “Let’s study”; 4. 1933 P.Chanishvili “Work and knowledge”… Today nobody recalls these books. As they didn’t fulfill their major aim-teaching writing and reading to Georgian children. This was the reason why from the 40s all schools in Georgia returned to I.Gogebashvili “Deda Ena” (“Mother Tongue”) and then to the books (by N.Botsvadze and Ek.Burjanadze “DedaEna”) constructed and based on this input.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Depositing User: ნათელა მაღლაკელიძე
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2015 07:56
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2015 08:16
URI: http://eprints.iliauni.edu.ge/id/eprint/1902

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