Main Features of Geological Structure and Geotourism Potential of Georgia, the Caucasus

Gamkrelidze, Irakli and Okrostsvaridze, Avtandil and Maisadze, Ferando and Boichenko, Giorgi (2019) Main Features of Geological Structure and Geotourism Potential of Georgia, the Caucasus. Modern Environmental Science and Engineering, 5 (5). pp. 422-442. ISSN 2333-2581

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The general overview of geology of the territory of Georgia as a component of Caucasian segment of the Mediterranean (Alpine-Himalayan) collisional orogenic belt is presented. Georgia is built up of Neoproterozoic-Paleozoic metamorphic complexes of supra-subduction zones, Mesozoic-Cenozoic sedimentary, submarine and subaerial volcanic rocks and intrusives of various ages and composition. The unique geological structure of Georgia’s territory allows to be distinguished of several potential geoparks and geotourist routes. As the potential geoparks we could consider: 1) Kazbegi - Quaternary volcanoes and Pre-Jurassic Daryali massif; 2) Vardzia – Upper Miocene Megacaldera, its an ignimbrite flow (35 km length), explosion products of 1 km thickness and Vardzia rock-cut city; 3) Dmanisi - Dmanisi hominids site and the Mashavera gorge basaltic flow of 20 km length; 4) Sataplia - Dinosaur Footprints, together Sataplia and Prometheus caves. Geotourist route: 1) Tbilisi-Pasanauri-Kazbegi (155 km length) - crossing of the Eastern Greater Caucasus; 2) Tbilisi–Borjomi-Vardzia (240 km length) - crossing of the Lesser Caucasus: 3) Tbilisi-Kutaisi -Ushguli (450 km length) - Crossing of the transcaucasian massive and Western Greater Caucasus.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QZ Earth Sciences
Q Science > QE Geology
Depositing User: ავთანდილ ოქროსცვარიძე
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2019 09:40
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2019 09:40

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