Edge states in 2D lattices with hopping anisotropy and Chebyshev polynomials

Eliashvili, M. and Japaridze, G.I. and Tsitsishvili, G. and Tukhashvili, G. (2014) Edge states in 2D lattices with hopping anisotropy and Chebyshev polynomials. Los-Alamos NL ArXiv . (Submitted)


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Analytic technique based on Chebyshev polynomials is developed for studying two-dimensional lattice ribbons with hopping anisotropy. In particular, the tight-binding models on square and triangle lattice ribbons are investigated with anisotropic nearest neighbouring hoppings. For special values of hopping parameters the square lattice becomes topologically equivalent to a honeycomb one either with zigzag or armchair edges. In those cases as well as for triangle lattices we perform the exact analytic diagonalization of tight-binding Hamiltonians in terms of Chebyshev polynomials. Deep inside the edge state subband the wave functions exhibit exponential spatial damping which turns into power-law damping at edge-bulk transition point. The common observation is that edge states occur only along zigzag type boundaries. It is shown that strong hopping anisotropy crashes down edge states, and the corresponding critical conditions are found.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculties/Schools > School of Natural Sciences and Engineering
Depositing User: გიორგი ჯაფარიძე
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2014 20:04
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2015 06:47
URI: http://eprints.iliauni.edu.ge/id/eprint/843

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