Habitats of Georgia

GIZ (2012) Habitats of Georgia. none.

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The habitat classification of Georgia is based on the Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats - EUR27. The "Habitats" Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora, O.J. L206) is a Community legislative instrument in the field of nature conservation that establishes a common framework for the conservation of wild animal and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance; it provides for the creation of a network of special areas of conservation, called Natura 2000, to "maintain and restore, at favourable conservation status, natural habitats and species of wild fauna and flora of Community interest". The Directive is developed on the bases of CORINE biotope classification (1989, 1991) determining codes and habitat types of Europe, in particular involving the division of the latter into sub-types. To avoid the difficulties of classification of the habitat types in different countries the Scientific Working Group, set up by the Habitats Committee (established by Directive 92/43/EEC), expressed in May 1992 the need to prepare a manual for the interpretation of Annex I including habitat type classification. The results of the commission work were development of the two following points with the national experts: (1) The interpretation work on Annex I should primarily focus on the priority habitat types. (2) The CORINE classification (1991 version) provides a basis for a description of the Annex I habitat types; where the experts feel that it is not suitable, an operational scientific description should be produced from the contributions of the national experts. The aim to develop habitat classification in countries of European continent based on the standards of the EUR27 version of the Interpretation Manual includes descriptions of new habitats, which are characteristics to concrete countries. These new habitat types should be accepted by the Commission and to be added to Annex I. Georgia is a country hosting highly diverse habitat types. Some of those are identical to the habitats, which are already included in the Annex I of the Interpretation Manual v. EUR27. Others, such as Kolkheti broad-leaved mixed forest, dry open woodland, sub-alpine tall herbaceous vegetation, sub-alpine birch krummholz or Caucasian rhododendron shrubbery, should potentially be included in the Annex I as additional habitat types. According to Interpretation Manual habitat classification is based on plant community types. Georgian vegetation is well studied by Georgian botanists (Grossheim et al., 1928; Ketskhoveli, 1959; Kimeridze, 1965, 1966; Nakhutsrishvili, 1999, Kvachakidze, 2009; Dolukhanov, 2010). The information used in this document is obtained by literature indicated in the bibliography section for each habitat type.

Item Type: Patent
Subjects: Q Science > Conservation Biology
Depositing User: Prof.Dr. Maia Akhalkatsi
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2014 09:57
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2015 09:03
URI: http://eprints.iliauni.edu.ge/id/eprint/625

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