საქართველოს ლევალუაური ინდუსტრიები

თუშაბრამიშვილი, ნიკოლოზ (2002) საქართველოს ლევალუაური ინდუსტრიები. აკადემია., 4. pp. 25-36. ISSN 1512-0899

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საქართველოს პალეოლითის ლევალუაური ინდუსტრიები.pdf

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Abstract

The varied habitats of Georgia, located adjacent the Black Sea, provided reliable, predictable and relatively easily accassible animal and vegetal food resources even under Glacial climatic condi-tions. Abundant natural shelters and good raw material (e.g. radiolarite, flint) enabled Middle Paleolithic knappars to easily procure material to produce stone tools. The reconstruction of the paleoenvironment and cultural history in this particular region holds great importance. It will assist us in testing hypothesis concerning the dispersals of Neandertals, the cul-tures and survival strategies of Middle Paleolithic humans. The five Middle Paleolithic cultural variants are recognized in Georgia. The archaeological evi-dence demonstrates similarities with the Middle Paleolithic industries of Anatolia, the Zagros region, and the Levant. Some Late Acheulean and Musterian assemblages characterized by blades and elongated points, as recovered in Djruchula, Koudaro, Tsona, Shvalieti, Samgle Klde and some open sites from Chiatura and Ckhinvali regions, resemble the “Tabun D-type” and Hummalian entities in the Levant. TL and ESR dates in Tabun and Hayonim caves indicate a time span from 270 ka through 170 ka. We suppose that the resemblance between Levant and mentioned region of Caucauses is a result of the periodicaly migrations especially from the South to the North. Unfortunatly we have not yet the dates from above mentioned sites of Georgia. We suppose that the oldests layers of M.P. sites of Georgia are younger ( <150 ka?) than the sites of Levant. Two very interesting pieces are discovered in the mousterian layers of the Tsona and Djruchula caves. In Tsona is founded the flat shingle (pebble) stone with the cross image. From the II M.P. layer of Djruchula we have the piece of argilite with the image of some of the animal (Capra? Elephant?).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DK Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics
Divisions: Faculties/Schools > School of Natural Sciences and Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Nikoloz Tushabramishvili
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2014 07:53
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2014 07:53
URI: http://eprints.iliauni.edu.ge/id/eprint/1504

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