Lithospheric velocity structure of the Anatolian plateau-Caucasus-Caspian region

Gok, R. and Mellors, R. and Sandvol, E. and Pasyanos, M. and Hauk, T. and Takedatsu, R. and Yetirmishli, G. and Teoman, U. and Turkelli, N. and Godoladze, T. and Javakhishvili, Zurab (2011) Lithospheric velocity structure of the Anatolian plateau-Caucasus-Caspian region. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 (B05303).

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The Anatolian plateau‐Caucasus‐Caspian region is an area of complex lithospheric structure accompanied by large variations in seismic wave velocities. Despite the complexity of the region, little is known about the detailed lithospheric structure. Using data from 31 new, permanent broadband seismic stations along with results from a previous 29 temporary seismic stations and 3 existing global seismic stations in the region, a 3D velocity model is developed using joint inversion of teleseismic receiver functions and surface waves. Both group and phase dispersion curves (Love and Rayleigh) were derived from regional and teleseismic events. Additional Rayleigh wave group dispersion curves were determined using ambient noise correlation. Receiver functions were calculated using P arrivals from 789 teleseismic (30°–90°) earthquakes. The stacked receiver functions and surface wave dispersion curves were jointly inverted to yield the absolute shear wave velocity to a depth of 100 km at each station. The depths of major discontinuities (sediment‐basement, crust‐mantle, and lithosphere‐asthenosphere) were inferred from the velocity‐depth profiles at the location of each station. Distinct spatial variations in crustal and upper mantle shear velocities were observed. The Kura basin showed slow (∼2.7–2.9 km/s) upper crustal (0–11 km) velocities but elevated (∼3.8–3.9 km/s) velocities in the lower crust. The Anatolian plateau varied from ∼3.1–3.2 in the upper crust to ∼3.5–3.7 in the lower crust, while velocities in the Arabian plate (south of the Bitlis suture) were slightly faster (upper crust between 3.3 and 3.4 km/s and lower crust between 3.8 and 3.9 km/s). The depth of the Moho, which was estimated from the shear velocity profiles, was 35 km in the Arabian plate and increased northward to 54 km at the southern edge of the Greater Caucasus. Moho depths in the Kura and at the edge of the Caspian showed more spatial variability but ranged between 35 and 45 km. Upper mantle velocities were slow under the Anatolian plateau but increased to the south under the Arabian plate and to the east (4.3–4.4 km/s) under the Kura basin and Greater Caucasus. The areas of slow mantle coincided with the locations of Holocene volcanoes. Differences between Rayleigh and Love dispersions at long wavelengths reveal a pronounced variation in anisotropy between the Anatolian plateau and the Kura basin.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Geophysics
Divisions: Institutes > Institute of Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Professor Zurab Javakhishvili
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2015 07:28
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2015 07:28

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