Selective light absorbing semiconductor surface

Tavkhelidze A., Bibilashvili A., Taliashvili Z. (2012) Selective light absorbing semiconductor surface. US patent 8,227,885.

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A selective light absorbing semiconductor surface is disclosed. Said semiconductor surface is characterized by the presence of indentations or protrusions comprising a grating of dimensions such as to enhance the absorption of selected frequencies of radiation. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, said grating is formed on the surface of a doped semiconductor for the purposes of optical frequency down conversion. The semiconductor is doped so as to create energy levels within the forbidden zone between the conduction and valence bands. Incident radiation excites electrons from the valence to conduction band from where they decay to the meta-stable newly created energy level in the forbidden zone. From there, electrons return to the valence band, accompanied by the emission of radiation of lower frequency than that of the incident radiation. Optical frequency down-conversion is thus efficiently and rapidly accomplished. In a further embodiment of the present invention said grating is formed on the entrance and exit surfaces of one or more layers of a single or multi-junction solar cell. In this embodiment said grating is characterized by indents of depth .lamda./4 and width >.lamda., where .lamda. is the wavelength of solar radiation incident on the layer under consideration.

Item Type: Patent
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculties/Schools > School of Natural Sciences and Engineering
Depositing User: Professor Avtandil Tavkhelidze
Date Deposited: 08 May 2014 09:28
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2015 07:57

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